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Museo Reina Sofia

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El Guernica - Pablo Picasso 1937

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El Guernica - Pablo Picasso 1937 - Museo Reina Sofia. Copyright Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía. Just a spacer

The Irruption of the 20th Century. Utopia and Conflict (1900-1945)

The crossroads between the 19th and 20th centuries, between modernity and tradition, are represented perfectly in the museum by the art of Hermenegildo Anglada Camarasa, José Gutiérrez Solana and Medardo Rosso. The museum's permanent collection also includes works by Julio González, Pablo Gargallo and Juan Gris, artists that favoured the European avant-garde movements alongside Georges Braque, Fernand Léger, Sonia Delaunay and Francis Picabia, also part of the museum's collection. A collection of costumes for the Triadic ballet created in 1922 by Oskar Shlemmer, a teacher at the legendary Bauhaus art school, forms one of the most evocative pieces on display at the MNCARS.

Dalí, Miró and Picasso, the most influential Spanish artists of the 20th century, form the backbone of the permanent collection. Throughout his long career, Pablo Picasso was painter, sculptor, ceramist, set designer, poet, playwright and director of the Prado Museum during the Civil War. As an essential member of the avant-garde, his chameleonic personality influenced all arts and styles. He was a Classicist, Primitivist and Cubist and was always fascinated by myths, the circus and bullfighting. One of his key artworks, El Guernica, is displayed in the MNCARS and could be described as a synthesis of the avant-garde movements. Put on display by the government of the Spanish Republic at the International Exhibition in Paris, the mural conveys the pain of the victims that were bombed in Guernica on April 27, 1937.

See thumbnails of all photos for this point of interest.


The museum aims to promote contemporary art with its collection, public library and a vast programme of shows, conferences, performances, projections and concerts. As a continuation of the Prado Museum, the MNCARS picks up where the former leaves off, displaying artworks from the late 19thcentury to today. The Museum's programme features all types of artistic disciplines, set out in three collections.

The Former Madrid General Hospital, designed by Francisco Sabatini, became the Museum of Spanish Contemporary Art in 1992. Since then, the Reina Sofia National Museum has undergone several refurbishments to adapt the space to the growing collection and activities it hosts.

Jean Nouvel's extension was inaugurated in the middle of 2005. The auditorium, the library and the new galleries are independent areas that are housed under a large red canopy made of aluminium and zinc located behind the old Sabatini hospital. Without overshadowing any of the emblematic buildings in the area, the MNCARS has become a genuine symbol of modern Madrid, a dynamic construction that respectfully coexists with History.